Skills: Memorize with Mnemonics
(Continued from 1)
3. Acronyms. Make a word using the first letter from each word
that needs to be remembered. This works only when the list is fairly short
and when the order of the words can't be shifted. Perhaps in elementary
school, you learned the names of the Great Lakes by using "HOMES"
(Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior). This works just as well
for more complex lists. Example:
The four stages of mitosis (in order):
Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase (PMAT)
4. Abbreviations: Using the first letter of each word but it doesn't
spell a word. Example:
Path of the blood (in sequence):
Right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, lungs, pulmonary vein,
left atrium, left ventricle, body (RA, RV, PA, L, PV, LA, LV)
5. Flashcards: Write the name on one side of the card, and the
definition, formula, or pertinent information on the other side. For more
information, see Reduce
6. Gimmicks: Word games or tricks to help you remember. Examples:
How to spell principal when talking about a school administrator by
referring to him/her as your pal. The rule or belief, principal, ends
in "le" not "pal".
In flowering plants, the male reproductive structures are the stamen.
7. Mind Mapping. Our eyes are highly advanced cameras that take
in learning better in pictures. It may sound silly, but if you pretend
to be a camera, you can easily engrave things on your memory. For example,
I often take notes in different color pens and include drawings on the
pages. I also try to fit as much related information on a page as possible
in a cluster outline. Later, I just take a mental snapshot of the page
so I can easily recall the items on that page.
Remember to keep your notes in outline form: It's just easier to remember
images or key words than to try to bring back general, lengthy texts or
long event sequences. Drawing relationships on paper (even faces, objects,
or stick figures) can help you recall them later.
8. Music. It's amazing how many of us can still remember the lyrics
of songs we heard 10, 20, or more years ago. And who can't remember the
music notes since watching "The Sound of Music"? Back in seventh
grade, I had to conjugate the French verb "faire" (to
make). So, I made up a short jingle that I remember to this day.
9. Categories. Even if the information seems to have no organization,
try to impose one. Most information can be organized in some way, even
if only by the look or sound of the words.
Of course, you're not limited to these techniques. The human brain can
interpret information in many unusual ways, for example by sounds, smells,
tastes, touch, spatial awareness, and emotional response. Use your imagination.
It's waiting for you!
Before you attempt some mnemonics of your own, break your study material
down into manageable chunks of about seven items. Remove duplicate or
redundant text from your notes, so you can minimize the amount of material
you'll need to review. Try to insert examples in place of meaningless
text, if it will help you understand the concepts better. Relate the information
to what you already know and find some way to apply it in your daily life.
Above all, relax and make learning fun!
Strive to use these techniques as much as possible, not just for schoolwork.
Like your body, the more you work it, the stronger it will become.
Gregory Lloyd is a financial writer and freelance business writer. He
satisfied a third of the credits for his business degree by taking advantage
of the College Level Examination Program, one of the most widely accepted
programs for gaining alternative college credit by exam.